An earthquake is also called: tremor, quake, or temblor. You know you’re in one of these earth movements when you experience shaking of the surface of the Earth This occurs because of a quick release of energy in the Earth’s lithosphere which creates “seismic waves.” What to do during an earthquake at home to survive depends on how well you prepare before one hits.
Earthquakes can be so small and weak that you sleep right through one. They can also be so violent that they can toss your body around and destroy your entire city. The seismicity (or seismic activity) of an area measures the frequency, type and size of quakes that occur over a period of time.
A 5.5-magnitude earthquake hit Salina Cruz, Mexico. The day before that, a 6.2-magnitude earthquake occurred in Punitaqui, Chile. Every day, in a certain part of the Earth, an earthquake occurs. It can strike at any time of the day, at any location in the world, without warning.
Must-Do Actions for Surviving an Earthquake
In surviving a natural disaster, such as an earthquake, it is important to understand what you are facing.
What exactly are earthquakes?
Earthquakes are sudden and quick shaking of the ground. Usually, after an earthquake, aftershocks follow. These are often weaker than earthquakes, but aftershocks of large magnitude could also happen.
Why are earthquakes dangerous?
Tips to Survive an Earthquake – how to survive a 9.0 earthquake
Earthquakes of high magnitudes can cause structures to collapse, household items to be sent into the air and cause projectile damage, utilities to be damaged, as well as explosions and fires. They can also trigger tsunamis, landslides and avalanches.
Earthquakes are inevitable and cannot be predicted. Being ready for an earthquake is one step towards disaster survival.
How To Prepare For An Earthquake – earthquake safety
- Make sure that items which might cause injuries when they fall or move are secured.
- Do not put beds near the window, as windows may break once an earthquake occurs.
- Items hanging over couches, beds, sofas and other places where people usually sit or lie must be secured.
- Practice duck, cover and hold.
- Duck under an object which can be used to cover your body such as beds or tables.
- If a sturdy object is near you such as a thick book, use it to cover your neck and head. If there is none, use your arms.
- While the earthquake subsists, hold on to the objects you are using as protection to maintain cover.
- This must be often practiced to be able to react as fast as possible.
- Store in a durable bag basic necessities and critical supplies such as water, medicine, food, clothing and important documents.
Earthquake Preparedness Plan To Survive
At the occurrence of a strong earthquake, be alert and be calm as much as possible.
If you are inside an establishment:
- Open the door to avoid being locked up inside an establishment.
- Drop to the ground on your hand and knees so you won’t be knocked over by the earthquake.
- Cover your head and neck with a sturdy object or using your arms.
- Move away from windows, glass, or anything that may break or fall and cause injuries.
- Duck under a table or bed for additional cover.
- Stay put until the tremors stop.
What To Do During An Earthquake At Home
If you are outside:
- Move to an open area. If you are inside the car, do not stop near buildings, overpasses, trees, or electric posts.
- Move away from trees, electric posts and nearby buildings.
- Do the usual duck, cover and hold.
- Do not move until the shaking stops.
Safest Place To Be During An Earthquake
Once the tremors stop, do not run. Look around, see how much damage there is.
- If you see a path which leads to safety, cautiously leave the establishment and move away from damaged spaces.
- If you are trapped inside an establishment, tap on objects which make loud sounds, or use a whistle to catch the rescuers’ attention.
- Thoroughly inspect yourself for any injuries attained.
- Be alert to duck, cover and hold for any aftershock.